Mars, Like Earth, Sculpted by Super Eruptions and Epic Floods

Explosive volcanic eruptions on Mars, fueled by the same stuff that makes your Pepsi fizz, fueled colossal floods that carved some of the gorges and gouges found on the Red Planet, a new study suggests. The forces at work in this soda pop science were almost beyond imagination. Take the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens or the 1993 Mississippi River flood, then multiply the destructive force hundreds of times over and you’ll get an inkling of the destructive potential of epic, sudden floods of bygone eras on Mars. Our planet, too, may have experienced similar “superfloods”, as they are sometimes called.